Through partnerships with organizations such as the City of Toronto’s Park, Forestry and Recreation Department, Toronto and Region Conservation (TRCA), and Humber College’s Department of Applied Research & Innovation, the Humber Arboretum is involved in many important research projects and conservation initiatives.
A large section of the Humber Arboretum’s woodlot is designated as an Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) by the City of Toronto, affording it special concern and protection. Care of this space includes ongoing monitoring for invasive species, signage and fencing to help prevent soil compaction and plants from being disturbed, and restoration plantings. In the fall of 2016, the City of Toronto planted over 400 new native trees and shrubs in the ESA, only using stock that was grown locally, from locally collected seeds.
This early years program brings young children outdoors to engage in unstructured inquiry and play-based learning, allowing them to discover the natural world as they explore the grounds of the Humber Arboretum. It’s a cross-disciplinary pilot that builds on other nature education initiatives within Humber College’s Early Childhood Education program.
The project lead is Louise Zimanyi, a Professor in Humber College’s Early Childhood Education program, who is assisted by Kaitlin Beard, a Registered Early Childhood Educator with Humber College’s Child Development Centre. Three students from the ECE program are doing their placement with the program and are supporting the pedagogical documentation.
Part of the walnut family, butternut trees are a native species which are now listed as an Endangered Species under the Provincial Endangered Species Act in Ontario. This is mostly due to butternut canker, a fungal disease which kills these trees by blocking the vessels that allow sap to circulate. First detected in Ontario trees in 1991, the canker can effect healthy trees of any age or size, however some butternut trees seem to be naturally resistant.
Since 2013 the Humber Arboretum has been partnered with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Humber Research, and Humber School of Applied Technology to grow and research canker-resistant butternut trees. Work-study student Kyung Hee (Kelly) Park assisted Humber College faculty member Igino Teolis to complete the first phase of research, “A Comparison of Different Rooting Substrates and Formulations to Improve the Cutting Propagation of Butternut (Juglans cinerea L.).”
Originally from Europe, Phragmites australis or Common Reed is a highly adaptable plant which can grow in standing water, wet soil, or dry conditions and thus crowd out native species. After having success controlling this invasive plant in her community at Severn Sound, Humber College faculty member Lynn Short and her student assistant Ben Doerksen have undertaken a more official multi-year study using a research plot on Arboretum lands with funding support from Humber College’s Research and Innovation Department.
Lynn’s research partners include the City of Toronto Parks, Forestry, and Recreation Department and the Ontario Phragmites Working Group.
Led by Humber College Faculty Igino Teolis and assisted by instructor Lynn Short, in partnership with TRCA, this research project is investigating “the effect of fertilizer, salt, and cover crop on the establishment of native pollinator plants.” Supported by Humber College Ignite funding, this project continues in spring 2017. Humber College student Ben Doerksen is working as a research assistant on this project.
The Association for Canadian Educational Resources (ACER), now also known as Climate’s Sake, is a charitable community education organization. ACER has a long-standing relationship with the Humber Arboretum, which includes an Experimental Biodiversity Research Plot devoted to studying the effects of climate change on the growth rate of different species of trees. There is also a monitored Planting 4 Change (P4C) plot which was planted by and is monitored with youth volunteers.