Producing Accessible
Audio & Video

Additional Learning

Described Video

The Canadian Radio-television Communications Commission (CRTC) guidelines to Described Video opens in new window

Web Accessibility Initiative opens in new window provides a summary of audio description of visual information

The National Library Service for the Blind and Print Disabled Audio Description guide (2018) opens in new window This guide provides sources of descriptive video for television, film, DVDs, and web-streaming services, as well as information on audio-described live performances and tours.

The Audio Description Project opens in new window promotes and advocates for the use of high-quality audio description in film and on television.


Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) should have more closed captions, film fan says: Michael McNeely opens in new window wants TIFF to make experience better for fans with visual and hearing impairments.

Here is a video from Ai-Media that combines American Sign Language (ASL) and closed captions. In this video opens in new window, Cobi Sewell interprets a scene from a Transformers movie using ASL (Ai-Media, 2016).

This is an excellent supplemental website opens in new window to Reading Sounds (University of Chicago Press, 2015) by Sean Zdenek, a U.S. based scholar who studies, teaches, and publishes in the fields of web accessibility, d/Deaf studies, and visual rhetoric.

Film critic Michael McNeely opens in new window recaps his Sundance Film Festival experience.

In this article opens in new window, Sean Zdenek experiments with type, icons and dynamic effects in captioning.

Rebecca Farley suggests that you Get over your fear of subtitles, please opens in new window

Read about a research study opens in new window conducted by the University of South Florida St. Petersburg (USFSP) in partnership with 3Play Media called Implementation of and Solutions for Closed Captioning in U.S. Institutions of Higher Education.

Ted Talks Translations opens in new window details how to transcribe and arrange transcriptions into caption format

To deepen your understanding, return to Blackboard and complete Module 1 Assessmentsopen new window.